Border Collies were bred as sheepdogs along the borders of Scotland, England and Wales. With their black and white coats, they’re one of the most instantly recognizable of the dog breeds. They’re also considered one of the most intelligent, not to mention one of the most high-energy breeds.
Unfortunately, not everyone is able to meet their Border Collie’s needs. Behavior problems develop and many dogs end up at shelters or rescue organisations around the USA. So, before you go out and buy a Border Collie puppy from a registered breeder, consider adopting older puppies or adult dogs from a specialist rescue organisation or shelter.
Border Collie Facts & Information
Group: Border Collies belong to the herding group of dog breeds.
Life expectancy: 12 – 14 years
Size: Medium. Height: 18 – 22 in. Weight: 27 – 48 lb (depending on gender and height).
Temperament: Super intelligent, devoted, affectionate, friendly, loyal and workaholics.
Exercise: Border Collies are hard working dogs. So in family homes they need suitable activities to keep them safely occupied. Bored border collies make their own entertainment. Boredom can also lead to compulsive behavior. Some Border Collies will try to herd anything, including children and clouds. Boredom also leads to what people would call discipline problems, including digging, jumping, barking and climbing the walls. One daily walk isn’t going to cut it. You need to take them walking/running/cycling at least twice a day, enjoy lots of play and brain games and, ideally, participate in dog sports like agility, flyball and field trials.
General care: Border Collie coats come in two varieties, each consisting of a double coat that requires regular grooming. One variety is denser than the other to withstand more inclement weather. Lengths may vary with longhaired and shorthaired varieties, but moderately long coats are standard. Standard Border Collie colors include black and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, red and white, blue merle, red merle, lemon, sable and tri-colored.
Health concerns: As hard-working dogs, Border Collies generally have good health, but there are some common problems that you should watch out for in the breed. These include hip dysplasia, Collie eye anomaly, and epilepsy. It’s a good idea to get pet dog insurance no matter how typically healthy the breed. You never know when illness will strike or accidents happen.
Border Collies are best suited to active, sporty people who love canine company on a run or while cycling. Border Collies also make great family pets if you’re into dog training, dog sports and commit to keeping your dog mentally engaged. If your lifestyle is far more sedate or you’re too busy to make time for training and dog sports then maybe a Border Collie isn’t the breed for you.